Trauma doesn't require a diagnosis of PTSD to severely impact someone's life negatively and to cause them to not function well on a daily basis. Trauma can be related to a one-time event, or can be from chronic traumatic events (battered partner, war, ongoing sexual assaults). It can alter the way the brain sees the world and can develop coping mechanisms that may not make sense. We have several therapists who specialize in helping those dealing with trauma. We are here to help.

PTSD as defined by the Mayo Clinic:

Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is a mental health condition that's triggered by a terrifying event — either experiencing it or witnessing it. Symptoms may include flashbacks, nightmares and severe anxiety, as well as uncontrollable thoughts about the event.

Most people who go through traumatic events may have temporary difficulty adjusting and coping, but with time and good self-care, they usually get better. If the symptoms get worse, last for months or even years, and interfere with your day-to-day functioning, you may have PTSD.

Getting effective treatment after PTSD symptoms develop can be critical to reduce symptoms and improve function.

Symptoms of Trauma

Intrusive memories

Symptoms of intrusive memories may include:


Symptoms of avoidance may include:

Negative changes in thinking and mood

Symptoms of negative changes in thinking and mood may include:

Changes in physical and emotional reactions

Symptoms of changes in physical and emotional reactions (also called arousal symptoms) may include:

For children 6 years old and younger, signs and symptoms may also include: