Types of therapies

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT) is a short-term form of psychotherapy directed at present-time issues and based on the idea that the way an individual thinks and feels affects the way he or she behaves. The focus is on problem solving, and the goal is to change clients' thought patterns in order to change their responses to difficult situations. A CBT approach can be applied to a wide range of mental health issues and conditions such as, depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, general stress, anger issues, panic disorders, agoraphobia, social phobia, eating disorders, marital difficulties, obsessive-compulsive disorder, and childhood anxiety and depressive disorders. CBT may also be effective as an intervention for chronic pain conditions and associated distress.


Brainspotting (BSP) is a talk therapy that reveals a client's unprocessed traumas through fixed eye positions. Specific eye positions each link to their own “brainspot,” an area of the mind that retains thoughts and emotions. Clients fixate on troubling brainspots to uncover hidden mental challenges. It is very similar to EMDR, but takes that type of modality a little further. Brainspotting is also great for athletes and first responders.

For athletes, Brainspotting is a form of sports psychology, the study of how psychological factors affect performance in athletic contexts. It is concerned with understanding how the mind and emotions influence physical performance, and how participation in sport and exercise affects psychological and emotional well-being. Techniques used in sports psychology include goal setting, visualization, self-talk, and relaxation training, as well as strategies for dealing with stress, anxiety, and burnout. The ultimate goal of sports psychology is to help athletes perform at their best and to promote personal development and well-being.

Psychodynamic Therapy

Don't let the name scare you, Psychodynamic Therapy can help you to see your behavioral patterns, defenses, and inner struggles and learn how to manage and control of what may feel uncontrollable. The idea is that once your inner struggles are identified, your behavior and feelings will improve. Any issues that arise in treatment with your therapist may reflect some of the issues in your life.

Emotional Focused Therapy

Emotionally Focused Therapy (EFT) is a short-term form of therapy that focuses on adult relationships and attachment/bonding. The therapist and clients look at patterns in the relationship and take steps to create a more secure bond and develop more trust to move the relationship in a healthier, more positive direction. EFT is used in marriage counseling, but can be beneficial to all interpersonal relationships.

Attachment-Based Therapy

Attachment-based therapy is a brief, process-oriented form of psychological counseling. The client-therapist relationship is based on developing or rebuilding trust and centers on expressing emotions. An attachment-based approach to therapy looks at the connection between an infant’s early attachment experiences with primary caregivers, usually with parents, and the infant’s ability to develop normally and ultimately form healthy emotional and physical relationships as an adult. Attachment-based therapy aims to build or rebuild a trusting, supportive relationship that will help prevent or treat anxiety or depression.

Person-Centered Therapy

Person-centered therapy uses a non-authoritative approach that allows clients to take more of a lead in discussions so that, in the process, they will discover their own solutions. The therapist acts as a compassionate facilitator, listening without judgment and acknowledging the client’s experience without moving the conversation in another direction. The therapist is there to encourage and support the client and to guide the therapeutic process without interrupting or interfering with the client’s process of self-discovery.

Psychoanalytic Therapy

Psychoanalytic therapy is a form of in-depth talk therapy that aims to bring unconscious or deeply buried thoughts and feelings to the conscious mind so that repressed experiences and emotions, often from childhood, can be brought to the surface and examined. Working together, the therapist and client look at how these repressed early memories have affected the client’s thinking, behavior, and relationships in adulthood.